How much do you know about Oil Painting? Test your knowledge on the history of oil painting, how to preserve artwork, even learn when paintings were first broken down into fragments and sold as individual works. Learn some interesting facts such as what museums have in common with jewelers. Oil painting is a mixture of art, craft and science. We know finding facts and figures about oil paintings can be time-consuming and frustrating, so we put together this list of the top 101 facts, notes, and statistics so you can easily reference them and refer back to them any time in the future.  This space is constantly changing, so if you see a fact that is not up-to-date, feel free to let us know. And if you know a stat we should add, let us know too!


1. The modern art era is a period of time that started in 1865 and lasted through the 1970s.


2. Modern art mirrors daily life, the play of light across everyday scenes, an exploration of ways to use simple colors, and definitive forms to express emotions.


3. World War 1 brought Modern Art to America.


4. In a market where old and retro are in, Modern Art pieces dominate the world market.


5. Modern Art is an extension of Poetry.


6. Towards the end of the 20th century, art rebels started questioning the actual concept of modern and produced postmodern works.


7. Modernist art is about portraying the nuances of modern society of the 19th and 20th centuries.


8. Modern art is all about expressing new ideas in a way deemed fit without conforming to the accepted traditional values and styles.

9. Although modern art is said to have started at a later stage of the 19th century, the first paintings of modern art can be traced to the 18th century.


10. Art historians believe that each date plays a significant role in the evolution of modern painting, but none solely mark the beginning.


11. "Olympia" by Édouard Manet, completed in 1863, is one of Manet’s famous works.

12. 'The Young Ladies of Avignon' by Pablo Picasso, done in 1907, is one of the 20th century’s most influential and revolutionary paintings.

13. 'The Scream' by Edvard Munch (1893), is regarded as a famous artwork of the German Expressionism movement.

14. In 'The Persistence Of Memory' by Salvador Dali (1931), Dali uses the 'hard and soft' concept to paint melting clocks on tree branches and hard surfaces with the ocean in the backdrop.

15. 'The Two Fridas' by Frida Kahlo (1939) is a famous artwork of Mexican artist Frida Kahlo, known for her self-portraits symbolizing psychological and physical wounds.

16. Abstract Expressionism and Contemporary Art, among other movements, guided artists to make art using new and unique materials.

17. Modern artists were the first to move away from canvasses and create collage arts, figure paintings, assemblages, kinetic art, genres of photography, earthworks, animation, and performance art.
Several new techniques like 


18. Chromolithography, Frottage, Decalcomania, and action painting were introduced in this era.

19. By the early 20th century, several young artists revolutionized the Paris art world with wild, intense warm colors, multi-colored, expressive landscapes, and figure paintings.

20. Several modern artists broke free from the notions of the past to create impressive artworks that defined the beginning of a new era. 


21. Pablo Picasso was a Spanish painter. Picasso contributed significantly to the Cubism movement and modern art at large.


22. Salvador Dalí was a Spanish national. Dali is a notable figure of the Surrealism movement.


23. Sigmund Freud is a famous artist who, through his painting, introduced people to the concept of the subconscious mind and inspired modernist artists to explore another art form called 'Symbolism', and later 'Surrealism'.


24. In New York City, the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) is a leading art museum that boasts a huge collection of contemporary and modern art.


25. The Museum of Modern Art in New York City started in 1929


26. The Museum of Modern Art in New York City was founded by Abby Aldrich Rockefeller
27. Pablo Picasso was a Spanish painter. Picasso contributed significantly to the Cubism movement and modern art at large. Picasso began drawing from his early years and made approximately 1,900 paintings in his entire life. His famous artworks include 'Guernica', 'The Young Ladies Of Avignon'', and The Weeping Woman', among others.
28. Vincent Van Gogh was a Dutch national. Van Gogh became famous in the early 20th century, almost a decade after his demise. During the decade of his career, he created over 2,000 artworks, including still life, landscapes, self-portraits, and portraits. He is notable for using intense warm colors and his expressive and impulsive brushwork. His masterpieces include 'The Starry Night', the 'Irises' series, and the 'Sunflower' series.


29. Several other famous painters of modern art are Frida Kahlo, Claude Monet, Andy Warhol, Wassily Kandinsky, Henri Matisse, Jackson Pollock, Georgia O’Keeffe, and Edgar Degas.
30. The term modern art is usually associated with art in which the traditions of the past have been thrown aside in a spirit of experimentation.


31. 71% of art collectors now purchase art online. 

32. Picasso was once suspected of stealing the Mona Lisa

33. Willard Wigan creates works of art that are so tiny that he once inhaled one by accident.


34. Modern art was introduced to the United States in 1913 and through European artists who moved to the U.S. during World War I.


35. The notion of modern art is closely related to Modernism.
36. The world's highest price for a work of art is Jackson Pollock's No. 5, 1948 privately sold by Sotheby's for (price adjusted) $151.2 million dollars.


37. Modern art is known for its avant-garde aesthetics and celebrated by its artists ahead of their time.


38. With Modern Art or modernism, the aim was to create new, young, free, and avant-garde art, which broke with the dominant styles, both those of academic tradition and rupture ones.


39. The modern period of art history witnessed the demolition of traditional constraints regarding form (the appearance of art) and content (matter). 

40. Modern Art witnessed the celebration of the “age of the academies”.


41. Modernism Stands For Innovation And Experimentation


42. Modernism Does Not Describe One Single Style


43. Modernism is an art period that emerged from major social and political changes in the late 19th-early 20th centuries.


44. Modernist Artists Questioned Or Even Rejected Conservative Values


45. Modernism Stands For Innovation And Experimentation


46. The Focus Was Often On Material, Color, Technique And Process


47. Clement Greenberg: An Important Theoretician Of (Abstract) Modernism


48. Modern art begins with the heritage of painters like Vincent van Gogh, Paul Cézanne, Paul Gauguin, Georges Seurat and Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec all of whom were essential for the development of modern art.

49. The pioneers of modern art were Romantics, Realists and Impressionists.


50. There is no precise definition of the term "Modern Art": it remains an elastic term, which can accommodate a variety of meanings.

51. "Modern Art" lasted for an entire century and involved dozens of different art movements.


52. Modern artists were the first to develop collage art, assorted forms of assemblage, a variety of kinetic art (inc mobiles), several genres of photography, animation (drawing plus photography) land art or earthworks, and performance art.


53. Movements of modern art like Fauvism, Expressionism and Colour Field painting were the first to exploit color in a major way.


54. One of the most important and influential new media which came to prominence during the "Modern Era" is photography.


55. The modern art movement produced some of the world’s most recognizable and beloved artworks.

56. The term “modern art” is associated with art that challenged the traditions and techniques that came before it.


57. Les Nabis is a modern art movement which was considered to be on the cutting edge of modern art during their early period.


58. Modern painting began in France in the late 1800s with Impressionism.


59. The development of abstract art began with Post-Impressionism.


60. From the 1890s on, different movements and styles came into existence that are the core of modern art.


61. These modern movements include Neo-Impressionism, Symbolism, Cubism, Expressionism, Dada, Surrealism, Pop art, and Minimalism.


62. Contemporary Modern Art Includes A Wide Range Of Mediums And Genres


63. Contemporary Modern Art Is Considered To Be A Contentious Movement.


64. Contemporary Modern Artists Often Experiment With New Mediums And Techniques


65. Contemporary Modern Art Can Be Political


66. Contemporary Modern Art Is Constantly Evolving


67. Contemporary Modern Art May Be Easy Or Difficult To Understand, Depending On The Viewer


68. Modern art refers to the then new approach to art where it was no longer important to represent a subject realistically


69. Modern art began as a Western movement, particularly in painting and printmaking, and then expanding to other visual arts, including sculpture and architecture in the mid-19th century


70. Modern art and the fame of the famous modern art artists, lasted until cultural critics began to talk about "the end of painting”


71. Nowadays, museums and art collections cover an incredibly important role, allowing us to look at the beauty and greatness that was created during the Modern Art era.


72. Gustave Courbet was the pioneer of Realism and is still nowadays recognized as its most famous exponent


73. Édouard Manet was a French painter, famous for his importance within the aesthetic revolution that happened during the end of the 19th century.


74. Paul Cézanne was one of the greatest post-Impressionist painters, an individual whose works and ideas were hugely influential in the aesthetic progress of the beginning of the 20th-century.


75. Claude Monet is the painter most associated with Impressionism: in fact it was after a work he completed called “Impression, Soleil Levant” (1874), that the Impressionist movement arose.


76. Georges Seurat was part of the post-Impressionist movement in France. His largest innovation came from developing the famous technique of “pointillism”, as well as focusing on the scheme of “chromoluminarism”, both of which share a common ground in terms of their focus, which is directed to the different parts of light and its prism of color gradients.


77. Hilma af Klint was a Swedish Modern Art artist who extended her visual interests into mysticism and spirituality.


77. Edvard Munch was an enigmatic Norwegian painter recognized for his anguish-driven depictions of figures, often represented in expressive settings and communicating the painter’s mindscapes.


78. Piet Mondrian was a Dutch painter and discoverer of visual theories, who is now seen as one of the most innovative 


79. Modern Art artists to have emerged in the 20th century.

80. Pablo Picasso was initially a Modern Art artist born in Spain but who is often associated with France.


81. Georges Braque’s life and work is often overshadowed by that of Picasso, with whom he founded Cubism in the early 20th century.


82. Amedeo Modigliani was an Italian painter, famous for his portraits and feminine nudes, filled with sensuality and extremely forward-looking.


83. Georgia O'Keeffe was an American artist who is universally acclaimed for her role in American modernism and for developing a totally unique visual vocabulary which centers around paintings of enlarged flowers alongside New York skyscrapers as well as landscapes from New Mexico where she lived at the end of her life.


84. Moishe Segal, also known as Marc Chagall, was a Russian Jewish painter, who was naturalized French. His works express a strong attachment to religion and ancient storytelling.


85. Marcel Duchamp was one of the most radical and progressive artists of the 20th century, often seen as the first truly conceptual artists and most famous for incorporating everyday ‘readymade’ objects into his practice.


86. Giorgio De Chirico, born in Volos (Grece), was the father of the so called metaphysical painting movement.


87. Mark Rothko occupies a position as one of the most mystical and brooding artists of the Modern Art period, and his color-plane paintings are often seen as attempts to depict the inner depths of the human psyche.


88. Salvador Dalì, needless to be said, is one of the greatest artistic figures of all time, with a research that lead him to touch an incredible number of media and expressive outputs.


89. Frida Kahlo was a Mexican painter whose own personal narrative looms just as large as her art in the popular imagination.


90. Francis Bacon created some of the most unsettling and perverse paintings of the 20th century, often understood in relation to the horrors of modern life.


91. Jackson Pollock invented the contemporary idea of the mythical artist through his nonchalant public persona, personal issues and enigmatic working style, with Life Magazine dubbing him the ‘greatest living painter’ in 1951.


92. Joseph Beuys was a German artist mainly working in a Conceptual and performative vein. He has become well-known for the totally unique way he worked and the often bizarre subject matter he chose to illustrate his themes of war, love and life. Always committed to a radical agenda, Beuys’ “social sculpture” was an attempt to collapse the divide between art and life and eventually aimed at making visual art more of a democratic process that every single individual was capable of taking part in. 

93. Yves Klein much like Beuys, Klein also often incorporated a live, performance-related element to many of his most significant works of art. Klein was a French artist and became the principal figure in the France-based post-war movement called Nouveau réalisme that was founded by the art critic Pierre Restany in 1960.


94. Andy Warhol’s name has become synonymous with the movement he was so fundamental to, and which he embodied in his personal life and public persona: pop art. Often describing himself as a machine, Warhol investigated the role of images and specifically mass-media in contemporary, consumerist American society in the 1960’s.


95. Gerhard Richter is one of the most acknowledged and quoted living artists, together with David Hockney and Jeff Koons. His upbringing saw him ranging from advertising to stage design, but, as you may or may not know, he is recognized to be one of the best drawers and figurative painters of the whole century.


96. The pioneers of Modern Art were Romantics, Realists, and Impressionists


97. Even though the exact date of birth of 

Modern art is most commonly identified in 1863, when Edouard Manet’s masterpiece “Le Dèjeneur Sur L’Herbe” was shown in the Salon des Refusés.


98. Ancient cultures influenced the modern art movement.


99. Modern art is always changing, and what is modern today is soon replaced tomorrow, but it is still labeled as modern art.


100. Starting in the later nineteenth century, the expressionist art movements of the Modern period were increasingly willing to sacrifice naturalism in pursuit of more powerful expressive effects.


101. Expression in art history is generally associated with non-rational states of mind. It is not used to describe works that convey objective facts or for ideas arrived at through rational thought processes.


Sources: Art Market, Kidadl, Discoverwalks, Habatat, Kiddle, Martaltes, Thecollector, Artsandculture, Wikipedia, Visual-arts-cork, Eden-gallery, Mozaico, Britannica Kids, Themarshallgallery, Sheppardsoftware, Kooness, Artabys, khanacademy

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